Stop at this beautiful Finnish Evangelical Lutheran cathedral to admire its stunning architecture and see a magnificent collection of zinc sculptures.
Helsinki Cathedral is a striking church in the city’s historic center. This cathedral is an outstanding example of neoclassical-style architecture and features brilliant façades and impressive Corinthian pillars. Admire the grand exterior of Helsinki Cathedral and stop at a small souvenir shop in the bell tower.
Architect Carl Ludvig Engel and planner Johan Albrecht Ehrenström designed this magnificent church. The present structure was completed in the mid-19th century and dedicated to Tsar Nicholas I of Russia, the Grand Duke of Finland. Notice the smaller buildings around Helsinki Cathedral, all constructed as part of Engel’s Senate Square.
The central dome was designed to allow natural light into the cathedral from many angles. This unique structure reaches about 260 feet (80 meters) above sea level and is one of the church’s most recognizable features. Notice the symmetrical plan of the church, visible in its four smaller domes and equal arms.
Observe the magnificent Twelve Apostles on the church’s roof, one of the largest collections of zinc sculptures in the world. These sculptures are about 10 feet (3 meters) tall and are located in the gables above the pillars. Other notable features of Helsinki Cathedral include an altarpiece and pulpit by Timeon Karl von Neff. The statues of Martin Luther and Philipp Melanchthon and the church’s austere style depict the shift from Catholicism during the Lutheran Reformation.
Walk to the large public plaza, Senate Square, next to Helsinki Cathedral. The square features many exceptional examples of neoclassical architecture. The main building of the University of Helsinki, the Government Palace and the National Library of Finland all border Senate Square.
Helsinki Cathedral is located in the neighborhood of Kruununhaka, in the heart of Helsinki. This popular attraction is about 12 miles (20 kilometers) from Helsinki Airport. It is open daily; however, the souvenir shop and church café are open only during the summer. Use the small parking lot in front of the cathedral’s main entrance.
Visit Helsinki Cathedral to admire one of the city’s most wonderful buildings and learn about the history of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland.