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Museo Nacional de Historia

Learn about the fascinating and sometimes violent history of the city and country you are about to explore.

Mexico City’s Museo Nacional de Historia inside Chapultepec Castle is a great place to begin your exploration of the beauty and history of Mexico. Climb to the top of the castle hill for great views around the city and enter the museum to understand the stories of Aztec civilization, Spanish colonization and religious transformation that created the Mexico of today.

Enjoy a walk along the small lake in the wooded park of Bosque de Chapultepec. Look up at the immense Chapultepec Castle, built on the top of formerly sacred Aztec ground by Spanish officials in the late 1700s. The castle became a presidential residence until it was given to the people of Mexico to hold the national museum, which opened in 1944. You may recognize parts of the castle as settings for the 1996 film Romeo + Juliet.

When you first enter the castle, look up to the mural of the Niños Héroes, teenage Mexican military cadets who died defending the castle from U.S. Marines during the Mexican-American War in 1847. This castle holds the “halls of Montezuma” referenced in the U.S. Marines’ Hymn. A large monument to the young boy heroes stands near the entrance to the park.

Visit the museum’s collections of artworks, coins, documents, costumes, technology and furniture which provide a fascinating perspective of the events in Mexico’s history from the conquest of the Aztecs through the 20th century. Artworks focus on religious threads throughout this time. Numerous murals by famous national artists capture detailed stories of important moments in time, such as the fall of the Mexican Empire and the progress of the Mexican Revolution.

The museum is open from Tuesday to Sunday, with free admission on Sunday. Teachers, students with ID, seniors and children under 13 have free admission any day. Ride the metro to the Auditorio or Chapultepec stops to access the Bosque de Chapultepec park. Walk or take a train up the small hill to reach the castle and the Museo Nacional de Historia. A second portion of the museum’s collection is in the Alcázar, about 3 miles (5 kilometers) east on Paseo de la Reforma.


Guide to Exploring Museo Nacional de Historia


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Camino Real Polanco Mexico C$119
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    4.4
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    Located in the cultural, financial, business, and shopping district of Polanco, this hotel is 3 blocks from Mexico City's grand boulevard, Paseo de la Reforma, and the monuments and museums of Chapultepec Park. At just 10 miles (15 kilometers) away, Autodromo Hermanos Rodriguez is also just a 30-minute jaunt by car.

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      4.2
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      4.0 out of 5.0

      Amid numerous restaurants and shops, the mid-rise Galeria Plaza Reforma is in the Zona Rosa district, 1 block from the grand boulevard Paseo de la Reforma, which leads to Chapultepec Park.

      Hyatt Regency Mexico City C$198
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      Campos Eliseos No. 204 Polanco, Mexico City
         
        4.6
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        Hyatt Regency Mexico City is in the upscale Polanco district, known for its boutiques and restaurants. Across the street is the National Auditorium, and the National Museum of Anthropology, filled with Mayan artifacts, is a 15-minute walk away.

        InterContinental Presidente Mexico City C$142
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        InterContinental Presidente Mexico City

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          Located in Polanco, this spa hotel is within 2 mi (3 km) of French Embassy, Parque Zoologico de Chapultepec, and Castillo de Chapultepec. Jardin Botanico and Museo de Arte Moderno are also within 2 mi (3 km). Polanco Station is 9 minutes by foot and San Joaquin Station is 26 minutes.

          Grand Fiesta Americana Chapultepec C$212
          Grand Fiesta Americana Chapultepec

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            In one of Mexico City's finest neighborhoods, the Fiesta Americana Grand Chapultepec is across the street from Chapultepec Forest Park. The hotel is close to the main attractions including the Auditorio Nacional, Torre Mayor, Corporativo Carso, Museo de Antropología, Castillo de Chapultepec and the city zoo.

            Marquis Reforma Hotel Spa C$170
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            Marquis Reforma Hotel Spa

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              4.5
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              Located in Reforma, this luxury hotel is within a 15-minute walk of The Angel of Independence Monument, U.S. Embassy, and Museo de Arte Moderno. Tamayo Museum of Contemporary Art and Embassy of Canada are also within 1 mi (2 km). Sevilla Station is 9 minutes by foot and Chapultepec Station is 15 minutes.

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              Paseo de la Reforma 500, Mexico City
                 
                4.7
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                Offering a prestigious location on the Paseo de la Reforma boulevard, the Four Seasons Hotel Mexico City is a 5-minute walk from vast Chapultepec Park and a 15-minute walk from the National Museum of Anthropology.

                Wyndham Garden Mexico City Polanco C$87
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                Leon Tolstoi 22, Mexico City
                   
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                  Located in Reforma, this hotel is within a 10-minute walk of Museo de Arte Moderno, Monumento a los Ninos Heroes, and Tamayo Museum of Contemporary Art. Castillo de Chapultepec and Parque Zoologico de Chapultepec are also within 15 minutes. Chapultepec Station is 18 minutes by foot and Sevilla Station is 18 minutes.